Grapefruit was obtained by naturally crossing an orange with a pomelo in Barbados back in the eighteenth century. Today it is difficult to find a person who is not familiar with this citrus. The fruit has a specific taste with pronounced bitterness, which somewhat limits the range of its connoisseurs. However, this fact does not cancel the value of grapefruit. No wonder Citrus is called the fruit king in the diet menu.
What is the reason for this?
Calorie content and nutritional value.
To begin with, it should be noted that 100 grams of grapefruit pulp contains only 35 calories. This is what allows citrus to be considered an excellent choice when compiling a diet with a diet. The average weight of one fruit varies in the region of 400-500 g, and the carbohydrate contains the largest amount of fruit — approximately 6.5 g. Fats and proteins are represented in small quantities: approximately 0.2 and 0.7 grams, respectively.
The chemical composition of grapefruit.
The composition of citrus contains many useful components, including:
acids (folic, pantothenic, ascorbic, nicotinic);
important mineral elements (sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium);
flavonoid naringin (it is he who gives the taste of the fruit notes of bitterness).
The benefits of grapefruit for the body determine its properties. The use of citrus contributes to:
strengthening the walls of blood vessels and giving them greater elasticity;
increase the efficiency of elimination of toxins and harmful substances;
increase immunity and more successful resistance to colds and viral diseases;
lower blood sugar;
normalize blood pressure and improve brain function;
stabilization of the intestines (regular use of citrus fruits avoids constipation and diarrhea);
strengthening gums and teeth and preventing dental diseases;
increase gastric acidity and improve digestion;
strengthening the nervous system, which becomes apparent when dealing with stress and depression;
cancer prevention, etc.
Grapefruit is useful for women seeking weight loss or rejuvenation. Citrus allows you to improve metabolism, remove swelling, prevent skin aging, the appearance or development of cellulite. The fetus is recommended to be included in the diet when entering the risk group for oncology of the breast or uterus.
For men, the properties of grapefruit to lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes, fight cholesterol plaques, and minimize harm to the liver may be useful. Also, the use of citrus can have a beneficial effect on the appearance. Athletes often include fruit in the diet in order to speed up metabolism, improve skin condition, and get a toned body faster.
Grapefruit for children.
A huge amount of vitamins and mineral elements and a low sugar content makes citrus useful not only for adults, but also for children. However, the fruit is considered allergenic, so giving it to a child up to two to three years is not recommended. It is also important to consider the potential harm that excessive consumption of citrus can cause. For this reason, before including grapefruit in the diet, you should consult a pediatrician.
Grapefruit during pregnancy and lactation
Fruit is allowed to be included in the pregnant menu. A high content of vitamin C and iron helps support the mother’s body and has a beneficial effect on the baby in the womb. Also, citrus allows you to cope with toxicosis in the early stages (in the first trimester) of pregnancy. However, fruit should not be abused due to its allergenicity. But when feeding grapefruits should be avoided, since their use can adversely affect the body of the newborn (again, mainly due to the high risk of allergic reactions).
An important property of citrus is its ability to accelerate metabolism. One of the common causes of overweight is a slow metabolism and toxins and toxins that are not excreted from the body. Grapefruit allows you to improve metabolic processes, burn calories more actively and, as a result, lose weight a little faster. That is why citrus is recommended to be included in the diet of diet for weight loss.
The benefits of zest (peel) of grapefruit
Useful properties differ not only grapefruit juice and pulp of the fruit, but also the zest. Citrus peels contain a large amount of naringin, which is important for the liver and blood vessels. Decorations and infusions are usually made from grapefruit zest, used to combat cholesterol, protect against hepatitis virus, prevent cancer, maintain normal blood sugar levels.
Grapefruit Seed Benefits
The bones of the fetus contain a lot of vitamin C and antioxidants, citric acid and tocopherol, various trace elements important for the body. This determines the antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of the product. A useful extract is made from grapefruit seeds, but it is quite difficult to make it at home.
How to eat grapefruit
A ripe fruit is a juicy pulp enclosed in a thin, but strong and tight-fitting peel. Slices of fruit covered with a bitter taste film. To reduce the taste of bitterness of citrus, it should be properly cleaned and prepared for use. The easiest and quickest way to clean is to cut the fruit into slices with full peeling. At the same time, citrus is first cut in half, then a quarter and then to a convenient size. After using the knife, the flesh is separated from the peel. The prepared fruit is divided into slices, which are peeled from the bitter skin. After that, you can eat grapefruit. Also, citrus can be eaten directly in the peel. To do this, the fruit must be cut into two parts and sprinkled with sugar. With this method, a dessert is obtained in a natural cup, and the pulp can be eaten out with a spoon.